Viruses as vehicles for growth, organization and assembly of materials

Christine E. Flynn, Seung Wuk Lee, Beau R. Peelle, Angela M. Belcher

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

283 被引用数 (Scopus)


Viruses have been used as scaffolds for the peptide-directed synthesis of magnetic and semiconducting materials, and have been further exploited in the formation of nanowires and liquid crystals. Reviewed in this manuscript is the work of Douglas, Mann, Fraden, Belcher, DeYoreo and others who have either exploited native viral structures to grow or assemble materials, or have genetically modified existing viral structures to specifically affect the growth and mineralization of inorganic materials. Rod-shaped viruses, including M13 bacteriophage and tobacco mosaic viruses, have been used in the synthesis of nanowires of metals, semiconductors and magnetic materials. The cowpea chlorotic mottle and the cowpea mosaic viruses have been used as nucleation cages for the mineralization of materials such as iron oxide and polyoxometalates. The exterior of such cages has been chemically modified with conjugating linkers as well as with polymeric materials and fluorophores. Further, viral-inorganic complexes have been incorporated into liquid crystal systems as well as self-supporting viral thin films and viral fibers.

ジャーナルActa Materialia
出版ステータス出版済み - 11月 25 2003

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • セラミックおよび複合材料
  • ポリマーおよびプラスチック
  • 金属および合金


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