Using in situ airborne measurements to evaluate three cloud phase products derived from CALIPSO

G. Cesana, H. Chepfer, D. Winker, B. Getzewich, X. Cai, O. Jourdan, G. Mioche, H. Okamoto, Y. Hagihara, V. Noel, M. Reverdy

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

66 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We compare the cloud detection and cloud phase determination of three independent climatologies based on Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) to airborne in situ measurements. Our analysis of the cloud detection shows that the differences between the satellite and in situ measurements mainly arise from three factors. First, averaging CALIPSO Level l data along track before cloud detection increases the estimate of high- and low-level cloud fractions. Second, the vertical averaging of Level 1 data before cloud detection tends to artificially increase the cloud vertical extent. Third, the differences in classification of fully attenuated pixels among the CALIPSO climatologies lead to differences in the low-level Arctic cloud fractions. In another section, we compare the cloudy pixels detected by colocated in situ and satellite observations to study the cloud phase determination. At midlatitudes, retrievals of homogeneous high ice clouds by CALIPSO data sets are very robust (more than 94.6% of agreement with in situ). In the Arctic, where the cloud phase vertical variability is larger within a 480m pixel, all climatologies show disagreements with the in situ measurements and CALIPSO-General Circulation Models-Oriented Cloud Product (GOCCP) report significant undefined-phase clouds, which likely correspond to mixed-phase clouds. In all CALIPSO products, the phase determination is dominated by the cloud top phase. Finally, we use global statistics to demonstrate that main differences between the CALIPSO cloud phase products stem from the cloud detection (horizontal averaging, fully attenuated pixels) rather than the cloud phase determination procedures.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)5788-5808
ページ数21
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research
121
10
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2016

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地球物理学
  • 海洋学
  • 林業
  • 水圏科学
  • 生態学
  • 水の科学と技術
  • 土壌科学
  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 地表過程
  • 大気科学
  • 宇宙惑星科学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 古生物学

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