Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is, in general, sensitive to anti-cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Standard therapies for extensive SCLC are combination chemotherapies with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and vincristine (CAV), with cisplatin and etoposide (PE), as well as an alternating CAV/PE program. On the other hand, the standard therapy for limited SCLC is chemoradiotherapy, especially PE and concurrent accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy. Based on the therapy, the current state of treatment of small cell lung disease is a median survival time of 10 months and a 3-year survival in 10% of patients with extensive disease, and a median survival time of 30 months and a 3-year survival in 30% of patients with limited disease. Promising trials under investigation including those for dose-intensive chemotherapy, multimodality treatment and combination chemotherapy adopting new drugs are introduced. The standard therapy for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer is a multimodality therapy employing chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, neither the timing of the radiotherapy nor the optimal combination of anti-cancer agents has yet been established. Nowadays, the combination of cisplatin-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy is expected to bring a median survival time of 15 months and a 3-year survival in 25% of patients. For stage IV non-small cell lung cancer, chemotherapy prolongs survival time by a modest but statistically significant amount of time. For the treatment of inoperable lung cancer, the survival benefit from the use of newly developed drugs with or without platinum is under investigation.
|ジャーナル||Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 7月 2000|
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