Experimental method of measuring inelastic proton scattering with high-resolution at forward angles including zero degrees has been developed. An energy resolution of 20 keV and a scattering angle resolution of 0.5 degrees have been achieved as well as low background condition and a reliable background subtraction method. The experimental technique was applied to the 12C(p, p′) reaction for studying the property of the second 0+ state at 7.7 MeV and a broad bump around Ex ∼10 MeV, where the presence of a 2+ state was reported from the 12C(α, α′) measurement. Preliminary spectra and angular distributions are shown.
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