A multiple resonance thermally activated delayed fluorescence (MR-TADF) molecule with a fused, planar architecture tends to aggregate at high doping ratios, resulting in broad full width at half maximum (FWHM), redshifting electroluminescence peaks, and low device efficiency. Herein, we propose a mono-substituted design strategy by introducing spiro-9,9′-bifluorene (SBF) units with different substituted sites into the MR-TADF system for the first time. As a classic steric group, SBF can hinder interchromophore interactions, leading to high device efficiency (32.2–35.9 %) and narrow-band emission (≈27 nm). Particularly, the shield-like molecule, SF1BN, seldom exhibits a broadened FWHM as the doping ratio rises, which differs from the C3-substituted isomer and unhindered parent emitter. These results manifest an effective method for constructing highly efficient MR-TADF emitters through a spiro strategy and elucidate the feasibility for steric modulation of the spiro structure in π-framework.
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)