In this short review paper, we summarize some of our ideas to utilize gold nanoparticles for the enhancement of surface plasmon resonance signals on DNA microarray. The hybridization of target-DNA capped gold nanoparticles with probe DNA on surface provides ca. ten times stronger optical contrast compared with that of target-DNA molecules. Our simulation result based on the Maxwell-Garnet theory explains well our experimental data and proves a potential of metallic nanoparticles for the substantial sensitivity enhancements for biosensor application in DNA diagnostics and bio-affinity studies, which leads to the fabrication of high resolution DNA microarrays.
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