Atmospheric aerosols were collected from October 1990 to February 1992 in northern Kyushu (Tsushima and Ogori), Japan and Seoul, Korea, simultaneously using identical sampling system and chemical analysis methods. Observed data were analyzed with meteorological data to clarify the seasonal variations in aerosol concentration and composition. Dominant ion components of aerosol were SO42- in anion and NH4+ in cation. The concentrations of ion components were higher in winter than those in summer. Equivalent concentration ratio of particulate nitrate and sulfate (NO3-/SO42-) showed high value in Ogori having a peak in winter season. Equivalent concentration ratio of Ca2+ and sulfate (Ca2+/SO42-) is highest in Seoul and shows no seasonal variation. On the contrary, Tsushima and Ogori showed low value in summer season. In summer, this area is affected by the atmospheric high-pressure system which developed at the southern Kyushu sea area and southerly monsoon wind predominate. As the result of this, supply of Ca2+ from soil should be diminished in summer. Equivalent concentration ratio of particulate Cl- and Na+ (Cl-/Na+) in August was half compared with the ratio observed in February. Episode analysis of June 1991 and February 1992 indicated the transportation of pollutants from the outside of Japan. Air masses from the Chinese continent have been concluded to bring the greatest amount of anthropogenic pollutants to Korea and Japan.
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