RHAMM marks proliferative subpopulation of human colorectal cancer stem cells

Michitaka Nakano, Ryosuke Taguchi, Yoshikane Kikushige, Taichi Isobe, Kohta Miyawaki, Shinichi Mizuno, Nobuhiro Tsuruta, Fumiyasu Hanamura, Kyoko Yamaguchi, Takuji Yamauchi, Hiroshi Ariyama, Hitoshi Kusaba, Masafumi Nakamura, Takahiro Maeda, Calvin J Kuo, Eishi Baba, Koichi Akashi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読


The cancer stem cell (CSC) theory features typically rare self-renewing subpopulation that reconstitute the heterogeneous tumor. Identification of molecules which characterize the feature of CSCs is a key imperative for further understanding of tumor heterogeneity and for the development of novel therapeutic strategies. However, the use of conventional markers of CSCs is still insufficient for the isolation of bona fide CSCs. We investigated organoids which are miniature forms of tumor tissues with reconstructing cellular diversity to identify specific marker to characterize CSCs in heterogeneous tumors. Here, we report that receptor for hyaluronan-mediated motility (RHAMM) expresses in a subpopulation of CD44+ conventional human colorectal CSC fraction. Single-cell transcriptomics of organoids highlighted RHAMM positive proliferative cells that revealed distinct characteristics among the various cell types. Prospectively isolated RHAMM+ CD44+ cells from the human colorectal cancer tissues showed highly proliferative character with self-renewal ability in comparison with the other cancer cells. Furthermore, inhibition of RHAMM strongly suppressed organoids formation in vitro and inhibited the tumor growth in vivo. Our findings suggest that RHAMM is a potential therapeutic target because it is a specific marker of the proliferative subpopulation within the conventional CSC fraction.

ジャーナルCancer Science
出版ステータス印刷前の電子出版 - 3月 21 2023


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