Underground hydrogen storage (UHS) in depleted hydrocarbon reservoirs is a prospective choice to store enormous volumes of hydrogen (H2). However, these subsurface formations must be able not only to store H2 in an effective and secure manner, but also to produce the required volumes of H2 upon demand. This paper first reviews the critical parameters to be considered for geological analysis and reservoir engineering evaluation of UHS. The formation depth, the interactions of rock-brine-H2, the caprock (seal) and well integrity are the most prominent parameters as far as UHS is concerned. In respect of these critical parameters, tentative H2 storage is screened from the existing gas storage fields in the Niigata prefecture of Japan, and it was revealed that the Sekihara gas field is a suitable candidate for UHS with a storage capacity of 2.06 × 108 m3 and a depth of 1000 m. Then, a series of numerical simulations utilizing CMG software was conducted to find out the extent to which critical parameters alter H2 storage capacity. The results demonstrated that this field, with a recovery factor of 82.7% in the sixth cycle of production is a prospective site for H2 storage.
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