This article exploits a new approach for synthesis of polysaccharide-based grafted sodium styrene sulfonate (SSS) super absorbent hydrogels (SAHs) in aqueous solution by γ-radiation under ambient conditions. Important optimal conditions for preparation of hydrogels with the best swelling ratio, such as gamma irradiation dose and the ratio of feed composition have been discussed. Characterization techniques such as the SEM/EDS, FTIR and DSC were used in describing the newly prepared hydrogels. The FTIR gave characteristic peaks for -SO3Na group at 1042 and 988 cm−1, showing successful grafting of SSS onto the polysaccharide base material. The dependence of swelling behaviors in various pH solutions and salts solutions were investigated in detail. The prepared hybrid hydrogel showed most optimum swelling capacity at neutral pH whereas equilibrium swelling of SAHs was achieved within 5 h. The swelling of SAHs influenced obviously to metal ion removal percentage in solution.
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