Quality of life in preadolescent orthodontic patients before and after secondary alveolar bone grafting

Takao Minamidate, Naoto Haruyama, Ayako Inoue, Shunsuke Nomura, Kenshi Noguchi, Keigo Yoshizaki, Ichiro Takahashi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読


Introduction: We evaluated the effects of secondary bone grafting (SBG) on oral health–related and generic health–related quality of life (OHRQOL and HRQOL, respectively) in preadolescent orthodontic patients with alveolar bone defects. Methods: We divided 101 orthodontic patients aged 8-10 years into 3 groups: 39 general orthodontic patients, 18 patients with orofacial clefts who did not require SBG, and 44 patients with alveolar defects who required SBG using particulate cancellous bone and marrow obtained from the iliac crest. The participants completed the self-report Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ) and Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (version 4.0) for OHRQOL and HRQOL, respectively, and their scores were assessed. The quality of life (QOL) of patients who required SBG was examined before, 1 month, and 6 months after SBG. The relationships between OHRQOL or HRQOL and potential patient factors were also evaluated. Results: Physical HRQOL subscale scores worsened 1 month after SBG, whereas the total OHRQOL and HRQOL scores before and after SBG showed no significant changes. OHRQOL and HRQOL showed no significant differences among the 3 groups before SBG. The presence of oronasal fistula was associated with poorer OHRQOL in patients with cleft lip and/or palate. Conclusions: SBG and orthodontic treatment had a relatively small impact on the QOL of the preadolescent children in this study. Understanding the influence of SBG and patient factors on QOL would enable better treatment and care for these patients.

ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
出版ステータス出版済み - 11月 2022

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 歯科矯正学


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