Preparation of aqueous sols of tungsten oxide dihydrate from sodium tungstate by an ion-exchange method

Yong Gyu Choi, Go Sakai, Kengo Shimanoe, Norio Miura, Noboru Yamazoe

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

61 被引用数 (Scopus)


Aqueous sols of tungsten oxide dihydrate (WO3·2H2O) were prepared from Na2WO4 by an ion-exchange method. An aqueous solution of Na2WO4 was let to flow through a glass column packed with protonated cation-exchange resin. The effluent, initially transparent, turned into an opaque viscous fluid (pale yellow) in a few hours, before yellow precipitate deposited to completion in three days. The precipitate was a mixture of a crystalline phase of WO3·2H2O and an amorphous phase, and the crystalline part could be separated from another by washing with deionized water and centrifuging. The gel of WO3·2H2O thus obtained consisted of platelike crystallite 25nm thick and 42nm wide as evaluated from the X-ray diffractometer (XRD) peaks, and could be dispersed well into deionized water to form a stable suspension of colloidal particles with a mean diameter of about 30nm. The mean particle size as well as the crystallite size tended to increase gradually with the repetition of dispersion in water under ultrasonic wave agitation and gelling by centrifuging. On heating, the gel (WO3·2H2O) changed to the monohydrate (WO3·H2O) at 100°C, which in turn changed to the anhydride (WO3) at 240°C. Remarkably XRD patterns showed conspicuous preferred orientation of WO3·2H2O crystallites in (010) plane after the sol was centrifuged for a long time (10h) and, upon dehydration, it was inherited by the dehydrated phases, resulting in the conspicuous orientation of WO3 crystallites in (001).

ジャーナルSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
出版ステータス出版済み - 11月 15 2002

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 器械工学
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 金属および合金
  • 電子工学および電気工学
  • 材料化学


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