Preoperative serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a predictive biomarker for sepsis after living-donor liver transplantation

Yuriko Tsutsui, Sachiyo Yoshio, Takahiro Tomiyama, Tomonari Shimagaki, Shinji Itoh, Noboru Harada, Yuichi Yoshida, Shiori Yoshikawa, Eiji Kakazu, Tatsuya Kanto, Tomoharu Yoshizumi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読


Aim: Although the survival rate after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is improving, sepsis still limits the prognosis. Immune dysfunction and sarcopenia are often observed in LDLT patients, and increase susceptibility to infection. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a myokine produced by immune cells and skeletal muscle. We aimed to determine whether serum BDNF could be a feasible biomarker for sepsis of LDLT patients. Methods: We measured serum samples from 124 patients who underwent LDLT and 9 healthy volunteers for BDNF. We examined its correlation with incidence rate of sepsis. To clarify the source of BDNF, we examined its expression in lymphocytes, skeletal muscle cells, and hepatocytes. Results: Patients who experienced sepsis showed worse short-term survival. Preoperative serum BDNF was lower in LDLT patients compared with healthy volunteers, and was also lower in Child–Pugh C compared with Child–Pugh A or B. Serum BDNF was inversely correlated with Model for End-Stage Liver Disease and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) scores, but had a weak positive correlation with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI). Multivariate analysis revealed that serum BDNF was independently associated with sepsis. Preoperative serum BDNF was a better predictor of sepsis in LDLT patients than CONUT score or SMI. Serum BDNF was positively correlated with lymphocyte counts, especially T cells. In vitro, T cells and skeletal muscle cells produced BDNF. Conclusions: Preoperative serum BDNF could be a predictive biomarker for sepsis after LDLT, by reflecting the systemic condition including hepatic function, nutritional status, and immune status.

ジャーナルHepatology Research
出版ステータス出版済み - 1月 2023

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 肝臓学
  • 感染症


「Preoperative serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor as a predictive biomarker for sepsis after living-donor liver transplantation」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。