Planetary-scale streak structure reproduced in high-resolution simulations of the Venus atmosphere with a low-stability layer

Hiroki Kashimura, Norihiko Sugimoto, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshihisa Matsuda, Wataru Ohfuchi, Takeshi Enomoto, Kensuke Nakajima, Masaki Ishiwatari, Takao M. Sato, George L. Hashimoto, Takehiko Satoh, Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi, Yoshi Yuki Hayashi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

37 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Cloud patterns are important clues for revealing the atmospheric circulation of Venus. Recently, a planetary-scale streak structure has been discovered in middle- and lower-cloud images of Venus’ night-side taken by IR2, the 2-μm camera, on board the Akatsuki orbiter. However, its formation mechanism has not been investigated. Here we succeed, for the first time, in reproducing the patterns of the observed streak structure, as regions of strong downward flows that develop in high-resolution global simulations of the Venus atmosphere. The streaks are formed in both hemispheres with equatorial symmetry, which is caused by equatorial Rossby-like and Kelvin-like waves with zonal wavenumber one. The low-stability layer that has been suggested by past observations is essential for reproducing the streak structure. The streaks of downward flow result from the interaction of the meridionally tilted phase lines of the Rossby-like waves and the characteristics of baroclinic instability produced around the low-stability layer.

本文言語英語
論文番号23
ジャーナルNature communications
10
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12月 1 2019

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学一般
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学一般
  • 物理学および天文学一般

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