Background: Immaturity of ganglia (IG), an allied disorder of Hirschsprung disease (AD-HSCR), develops as neonatal ileus, but the dysmotility spontaneously resolves after several months. The diagnosis of IG using HE staining is often difficult. We herein report a new pathological finding of IG called the ‘palisading-like pattern’, which may be helpful for improving the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: Cases of IG that were managed over the past 28 years were retrospectively reviewed. We investigated the clinical course and pathological findings for Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining. The conventional diagnostic criteria for IG were (1) a normal or slightly increased number of ganglion cells and (2) ganglion cells with small nuclei. Results: Among the 155 cases, 28 were diagnosed with IG, and 10 were retrospectively confirmed by HE staining. A palisading-like pattern was confirmed at the time of the initial ileostomy (median age, 2.5 days), and the palisading-like pattern had completely disappeared by the time of stoma closure (median age, 215 days) in all 10 cases. A palisading-like pattern is not present in other diseases. Conclusions: Even if immunostaining data are not available for a further analysis, the detection of a palisading-like pattern on HE staining makes an accurate diagnosis possible. Level of evidence: LEVEL IV.
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