Optimal number of regulatory T cells

Koichi Saeki, Yoh Iwasa

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)


The adaptive immune system of a vertebrate may attack its own body, causing autoimmune diseases. Regulatory T cells suppress the activity of the autoreactive effector T cells, but they also interrupt normal immune reactions against foreign antigens. In this paper, we discuss the optimal number of regulatory T cells that should be produced. We make the assumptions that some self-reactive immature T cells may fail to interact with their target antigens during the limited training period and later become effector T cells causing autoimmunity, and that regulatory T cells exist that recognize self-antigens. When a regulatory T cell is stimulated by its target self-antigen on an antigen-presenting cell (APC), it stays there and suppresses the activation of other naive T cells on the same APC. Analysis of the benefit and the harm of having regulatory T cells suggests that the optimal number of regulatory T cells depends on the number of self-antigens, the severity of the autoimmunity, the abundance of pathogenic foreign antigens, and the spatial distribution of self-antigens in the body. For multiple types of self-antigen, we discuss the optimal number of regulatory T cells when the self-antigens are localized in different parts of the body and when they are co-localized. We also examine the separate regulation of the abundances of regulatory T cells for different self-antigens, comparing it with the situation in which they are constrained to be equal.

ジャーナルJournal of Theoretical Biology
出版ステータス出版済み - 3月 1 2010

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 医学(全般)
  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)
  • モデリングとシミュレーション
  • 統計学および確率
  • 応用数学


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