The role of local treatment in patients with de novo metastatic prostate cancer is controversial. In population-based retrospective studies, metastatic prostate cancer patients who received local treatment with prostate radiotherapy showed a better prognosis than those who did not. In addition, several prospective randomized studies demonstrated that prostate radiotherapy achieves a survival benefit for patients with oligo-metastasis. Moreover, the efficacy of metastasis-directed radiotherapy was evaluated, revealing a potential benefit for patients with oligo-metastasis. Importantly, these radiotherapies may reduce the occurrence of symptomatic local events. In this review, the rationale, efficacy and future perspectives for local prostate and metastasis-directed radiotherapy in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer were described and summarized.
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