Objective: Major components of MLAEPs are thought to originate in the temporal lobe. Absence of the Pb potential has been demonstrated in MLAEPs in Alzheimer's disease and demented Parkinson's disease patients. To validate usefulness of middle latency auditory-evoked potentials (MLAEPs) in evaluating the central nervous system (CNS) involvement of myotonic dystrophy (MyD). Methods: MLAEPs were recorded in eight patients with MyD and nine normal control subjects. In the patient group, the size of the CTG triplet repeat expansion within the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) gene and the revised Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-R) were also assessed. Results: The latency of the Nb potential showed a significant correlation with the size of the CTG repeat expansion (r=0.734, P=0.036). The Pb latency also tended to prolong according to CTG amplification (r=0.644, P=0.087). The amplitudes of Na and Pa significantly increased compared with those of normal control subjects (P=0.024 and 0.016, respectively). However, they did not correlate with IQ or CTG amplification. Conclusions: Abnormal MLAEPs may indicate CNS involvement in MyD. Although the precise generating mechanisms of Nb are unclear, the correlation of Nb latency with CTG amplification suggests that MLAEPs can reflect the extent of genetic abnormality.
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