Billets of pure aluminum and an Al-1%Mg-0.2%Sc alloy were successfully processed using equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) with a die having an internal channel angle of 60°. Careful inspection of the microstructures after ECAP revealed excellent agreement, at both the macroscopic and the microscopic levels, with the theoretical predictions for shearing using a 60° die. The grain sizes introduced with the 60° die were slightly smaller than with a conventional 90° die; thus, the values with these two dies were ∼1.1 and ∼1.2 μm in pure Al and ∼0.30 and ∼0.36 μm in the Al-Mg-Sc alloy, respectively. Tensile testing of the pure aluminum at room temperature revealed similar strengthening after processing using either a 60° or a 90° die. In tests conducted at 673 K, the Al-Mg-Sc alloy processed with the 60° die exhibited significantly higher elongations to failure due primarily to the larger strain imposed with this die. It is shown using orientation imaging microscopy that superplastic flow in the Al-Mg-Sc alloy produces an essentially random texture and a distribution of boundary misorientations that approximates to the theoretical distribution for an array of randomly oriented grains.
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