Mechanism for phosphorylation-induced activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase protein p47(phox). Triple replacement of serines 303, 304, and 328 with aspartates disrupts the SH3 domain-mediated intramolecular interaction in p47(phox), thereby activating the oxidase

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

204 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Activation of the superoxide-producing phagocyte NADPH oxidase requires interaction between p47phox and p22(phox), which is mediated via the SH3 domains of the former protein. This interaction is considered to be induced by exposure of the domains that are normally masked by an intramolecular interaction with the C-terminal region of p47(phox). Here we locate the intramolecular SH3-binding site at the region of amino acid residues 286-340, where Ser-303, Ser-304, and Ser-328 that are among several serines known to become phosphorylated upon cell stimulation exist. Simultaneous replacement of the three serines in p47(phox) with aspartates or glutamates, each mimicking phosphorylated residues, is sufficient for disruption of the intramolecular interaction and resultant access to p22(phox). The triply mutated proteins are also capable of activating the NADPH oxidase without in vitro activators such as arachidonate under cell-free conditions. In a whole- cell system where expression of the wild-type p47(phox) reconstitutes the stimulus-dependent oxidase activity, substitution of the kinase-insensitive residue alanine for Ser-328 as well as for Ser-303/Ser-304 leads to a defective production of superoxide. These findings suggest that phosphorylation of the three serines in p47(phox) induces a conformational change to a state accessible to p22(phox), thereby activating the NADPH oxidase.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)33644-33653
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
274
47
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11月 19 1999

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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