Purpose: To investigate the long-term outcomes of cataract surgery in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Design: Retrospective, observational study. Participants: Sixty-four patients with typical RP (22 men, 42 women; average age, 62.8 ± 10.1 years) who underwent cataract surgery at Kyushu University Hospital between May 2007 and October 2015 and were followed up for ≥3 years after the surgery. Methods: Differences between presurgery and postsurgery visual function, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and parameters in the Humphrey field analyzer (HFA) examination using the central 10-2 program, were investigated. The presurgery conditions of the foveal ellipsoid zone (EZ) were classified into 3 grades (grade 1: invisible; grade 2: abnormal; grade 3: normal) based on OCT findings. Main Outcome Measures: BCVA, the retinal sensitivity in the HFA 10-2 test. Results: Cataract surgery was performed in 96 eyes, with an average follow-up period of 5.8 ± 2.4 years. The mean presurgery BCVA was 0.64 ± 0.52 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR), and the final postsurgery BCVA was 0.61 ± 0.67 logMAR (P = 0.57). Significant improvement in the postsurgery BCVA was observed only in eyes with preserved foveal EZ (grade 3) (P < 0.01). In 62 eyes of 45 patients who underwent the HFA 10-2 test, the mean values of deviation, macular sensitivity, and foveal sensitivity at the final visit were significantly decreased compared with preoperative values (P < 0.01), whereas those in grade 3 eyes did not change significantly after the surgery (P = 0.13). Conclusions: In the long-term course after cataract surgery in patients with RP, many patients experienced vision loss with progression of the disease. The preoperative finding of preserved foveal EZ was associated with a better visual prognosis, suggesting that EZ evaluation is useful for predicting the long-term visual outcome of cataract surgery in patients with RP.
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