Localization of brain activation by umami taste in humans

Yuko Nakamura, Tazuko K. Goto, Kenji Tokumori, Takashi Yoshiura, Koji Kobayashi, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Hiroshi Honda, Yuzo Ninomiya, Kazunori Yoshiura

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

There are no credible data to support the notion that individual taste qualities have dedicated pathways leading from the tongue to the end of the pathway in the brain. Moreover, the insular cortex is activated not only by taste but also by non-taste information from oral stimuli. These responses are invariably excitatory, and it is difficult to determine whether they are sensory, motor, or proprioceptive in origin. Furthermore, umami is a more unfamiliar and complex taste than other basic tastes. Considering these issues, it may be effective to minimize somatosensory stimuli, oral movement, and psychological effects in a neuroimaging study to elicit cerebral activity by pure umami on the human tongue. For this purpose, we developed an original taste delivery system for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies for umami. Then, we compared the results produced by two authorized models, namely, the block design model and event-related design model, to decide the appropriate model for detecting activation by umami. Activation by the umami taste was well localized in the insular cortex using our new system and block design model analysis. The peaks of the activated areas in the middle insular cortex by umami were very close to another prototypical taste quality (salty). Although we have to carefully interpret the perceiving intensities and brain activations by taste from different sessions, this study design might be effective for detecting the accession area in the cortex of pure umami taste on the tongue.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)18-29
ページ数12
ジャーナルBrain Research
1406
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 8月 11 2011

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神経科学一般
  • 分子生物学
  • 臨床神経学
  • 発生生物学

フィンガープリント

「Localization of brain activation by umami taste in humans」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル