Intensification of a distant hurricane by warm-core eddies in the Gulf Stream in boreal fall

Keita Fujiwara, Ryuichi Kawamura

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

抄録

This study investigated how warm-core eddies (WCEs) in the Gulf Stream (GS) modulated the intensity of a distant tropical cyclone (TC) approaching the current in October. We performed cloud-resolving regional simulations including a control run with the observed WCEs and a sensitivity run excluding the WCEs. These simulations found that the WCEs played a favorable role in the development of the distant TC. The WCEs affected the synoptic-scale thermodynamic environments over the North Atlantic through the enhanced heat and moisture supply from the GS, increasing the moisture imports toward the distant TC. The WCEs-enhanced moisture influx created very moist environments in the inner core. This inner-core moistening was favorable for deep eyewall convection and an associated TC secondary circulation, leading to TC development. This result indicates the importance of WCEs in facilitating the remote process leading to TC development that previous studies have proposed.

本文言語英語
論文番号e1141
ジャーナルAtmospheric Science Letters
24
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3月 2023

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 大気科学

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