Influence of speed on running strategies during forward and backward running with body weight support

Kenji Masumoto, John A. Mercer

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

BACKGROUND: Running with body weight support (BWS) and backward running have been included in exercise programs. However, it is not known how running characteristics of forward and backward running with BWS are influenced by the deviation in the running speed from the preferred speed (PS). The purpose of this study was to investigate how metabolic cost, muscle activity, and perceptual responses of forward and backward running with BWS are influenced by the deviation in running speed from the PS. METHODS: Eleven participants ran forward and backward at 0%BWS, 20%BWS, and 50%BWS conditions. The running speed conditions were set to their mode-specific PS, PS+10%, and PS-10%. We measured metabolic cost, muscle activity, stride frequency, rating of perceived exertion, and feeling scale. RESULTS: Metabolic cost, muscle activity (rectus femoris and gastrocnemius), and rating of perceived of exertion during running increased with increasing speed, regardless BWS and running direction (P<0.05). For example, a 10% increase in running speed from the PS produced averages of 7.1% and 7.7% increases in oxygen uptake and rectus femoris muscle activity, respectively. However, stride frequency during forward and backward running with BWS did not increase with increasing speed when running speed was manipulated around the PS (i.e., 10% increments: P>0.05), with the exception of forward running at 50%BWS. CONCLUSIONS: A 10% increase in running speed from the PS may be useful for individuals who are required to increase their metabolic cost, muscle activity, and perceptual responses during running, regardless of BWS and running direction.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)241-249
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
63
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2月 2023

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 整形外科およびスポーツ医学
  • 理学療法、スポーツ療法とリハビリテーション

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