Lignin peroxidase (LiP) is rapidly inactivated in a concentration-dependent manner by H2O2 and either phenylhydrazine or sodium azide. Full inactivation of isozyme 2b (H8) requires approximately 50 eq of phenylhydrazine or 80 eq of sodium azide. Anaerobic incubation of isozyme 2b with [14C]phenylhydrazine and H2O2 results in 77% loss of catalytic activity and covalent binding of 0.45 mol radiolabel/mol of enzyme. Comparable but not identical results are obtained with an isozyme mixture. A lag period is observed before the peroxidative activity can be measured when an aliquot of an incubation with sodium azide is diluted into the mixture used to assay residual catalytic activity. This lag is associated with reversible accumulation of a catalytically inert species with a Compound III-like spectrum. No meso-phenyl, iron-phenyl, or N-phenyl adducts are formed with phenylhydrazine but a low yield of what appears to be δ-meso-azidoheme is obtained with sodium azide. LiP is thus less susceptible to meso heme additions and more susceptible to oxidative heme degradation than horseradish peroxidase. The data suggest that the active site of LiP resembles the closed structure of horseradish peroxidase more than it does the open structure of the globins, catalase, chloroperoxidase, or cytochrome P450.
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