We demonstrated that the stability of organic solar cells (OSCs) under light irradiation is markedly enhanced by inserting a molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) buffer layer between an anode layer of indium tin oxide (ITO) and a p-type layer of 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin (H2TPP) or N,N'-di(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenylbenzidine (α-NPD). The use of the MoO3 layer also enhanced open-circuit voltages and power conversion efficiencies of the OSCs due to an increase in built-in potential. From results of stability test of hole-only α-NPD devices, we concluded that the OSC degradation occurs near the ITO/p-type layer interface and that the use of the MoO3 layer can prevent the degradation at this interface.
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