Helping behavior induced by empathic concern attenuates anterior cingulate activation in response to others’ distress

Hiroaki Kawamichi, Kazufumi Yoshihara, Sho K. Sugawara, Masahiro Matsunaga, Kai Makita, Yuki H. Hamano, Hiroki C. Tanabe, Norihiro Sadato

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)


Helping behavior is motivated by empathic concern for others in distress. Although empathic concern is pervasive in daily life, its neural mechanisms remain unclear. Empathic concern involves the suppression of the emotional response to others’ distress, which occurs when individuals distance themselves emotionally from the distressed individual. We hypothesized that helping behavior induced by empathic concern, accompanied by perspective-taking, would attenuate the neural activation representing aversive feelings. We also predicted reward system activation due to the positive feeling resulting from helping behavior. Participant underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while playing a virtual ball-toss game. In some blocks (“concern condition”), one player (“isolated player”) did not receive ball-tosses from other players. In this condition, participants increased ball-tosses to the isolated player (helping behavior). Participants then evaluated the improved enjoyment of the isolated player resulting from their helping behavior. Anterior cingulate activation during the concern condition was attenuated by the evaluation of the effect of helping behavior. The right temporoparietal junction, which is involved in perspective-taking and the dorsal striatum, part of the reward system, were also activated during the concern condition. These results suggest that humans can attenuate affective arousal by anticipating the positive outcome of empathic concern through perspective-taking.

ジャーナルSocial Neuroscience
出版ステータス出版済み - 3月 3 2016

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 社会心理学
  • 開発
  • 行動神経科学


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