Gravity Wave Morphology During the 2018 Sudden Stratospheric Warming Simulated by a Whole Neutral Atmosphere General Circulation Model

S. Watanabe, D. Koshin, S. Noguchi, K. Sato

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Atmospheric gravity waves (GWs) during the February 2018 sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event are simulated using the T639L340 whole neutral atmosphere general circulation model. Their characteristic morphology around the drastically evolving polar vortex is revealed by three-dimensional (3D) visualization and ray-tracing analyses. The 3D morphology of simulated GWs is described for the three key days that represent the pre-SSW conditions, the mature stage for the vortex splitting, and the late SSW. The combination of strong winds along the polar vortex edge and underneath the tropospheric winds with similar wind directions consist of the deep waveguide for the upward-propagating GWs, forming GW hot spots in the middle atmosphere. The GW hot spots associated with the development of the SSW are limited to North America and Greenland, and they include the typical upward-propagating orographic GWs with relatively long vertical wavelengths. Different types of characteristic GW signatures are also recognized around the Canadian sub-vortex (CV). GWs having short vertical wavelengths form near the surface and obliquely propagate over long distances along the CV winds. The non-orographic GWs with short vertical wavelengths form in the middle stratosphere through the spontaneous adjustment of flow imbalance around the CV. Those GWs cyclonically ascend into the mesosphere along CV winds.

本文言語英語
論文番号e2022JD036718
ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
127
19
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 10月 16 2022

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地球物理学
  • 大気科学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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