Estimated glomerular filtration rate decline and risk of end-stage renal disease in type 2 diabetes

Research Group of Diabetic Nephropathy, Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

26 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background According to studies by the National Kidney Foundation and Food and Drug Administration, 30% and 40% declines in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) could be used as surrogate endpoints of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, the benefits of using these endpoints in diabetic patients remain unclear. Methods This cohort study comprised Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes; those with repeated serum creatinine measurements during a baseline period of 2 years (n = 1868) or 3 years (n = 2001) were enrolled. Subsequent risks of ESRD following eGFR declines were assessed. Results In the 2-year baseline analysis, the cumulative prevalence of −20%, −30%, −40%, and −53% changes in eGFR were 23.9%, 11.1%, 6.8%, and 3.7%, respectively. There were 133 cases (7.1%) of subsequent ESRD during a median follow-up period of 6.5 years. In the 3-year baseline analysis, the corresponding proportions were 28.1%, 14.0%, 7.7%, and 3.9%, respectively, with 110 participants (5.5%) reaching ESRD during a median follow-up period of 5.5 years. The adjusted hazard ratios of subsequent ESRD following −53%, −40%, −30%, and −20% changes in eGFR during the 2-year baseline period were 22.9 (11.1–47.3), 12.8 (6.9–23.7), 8.2 (4.3–15.5), and 3.9 (2.2–7.0), respectively when compared with the no changes in eGFR. In the 3-year baseline analysis, the corresponding risks were 29.7 (10.8–81.9), 18.4 (7.6–44.7), 12.8 (5.2–32.2), and 5.4 (2.3–12.8), respectively. In the subgroup analysis, similar trends were observed in patients with macroalbuminuria at baseline. Conclusions Declines in eGFR were strongly associated with subsequent risk of ESRD in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. In addition to 30% and 40% declines, a 20% decline in eGFR over 2 years could be considered as a candidate surrogate endpoint of ESRD in diabetic kidney disease.

本文言語英語
論文番号e0201535
ジャーナルPloS one
13
8
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 8月 2018

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般

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