Background: Although the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-Γ2 (PPARG2) Pro12Ala gene variant is associated with diabetes mellitus, the associations andinteractions of this polymorphism and known clinical risk factors with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) remain poorly understood. We investigated if carrying the Ala allele was inversely associated with HbA1c level and examined possible interactions. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis used data collected from 1281 men and 1356 women aged 40 to 69 years who completed the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. PPARG2 polymorphism was determined by multiplepolymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based Invader assay. Multiple linear regression and ANCOVA were used to control for confounding variables (age, body mass index [BMI],energy intake, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, and family history of diabetes) and examine possible interactions. Results: After adjustment, the Ala allelewas significantly inversely associated with HbA1c in women but not in men. Older age, BMI, and family history of diabetes were associated with higher HbA1c in both sexes.When stratified by PPARG2 genotype, these associations were observed in subjects with the Pro12Pro genotype but not in Ala allele carriers. A significant interactio of genotype and BMI on HbA1c was observed in women. Older age,BMI, and family history of diabetes were significantly associated with high-normal HbA1c (≥5.7% NGSP), whereas PPARG2 polymorphism was not. Conclusions: Although PPARG2 Pro12Ala polymorphism might attenuate associations between known risk factors and HbA1c level,it had a small effect on high-normal HbA1c, as compared with clinical risk factors, in the general population.
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