Cigarette smoke exposure causes bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs by stimulating cholinergic and excitatory nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (eNANC)- nerves in vagus system. The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of hydroxyl radical (OH-), contained in cigarette smoke, in bronchoconstriction. Anaesthetized animals were exposed to 80 puffs of smoke for 4 min. Pretreatment with dimethylthiourea, a OH- scavenger, significantly inhibited cigarette smoke-induced bronchoconstriction. To investigate its site of action, effects of dimethylthiourea were examined on vagally mediated bronchcoconstriction by electrical stimulation and on the bronchoconstriction by intravenous acetylcholine and neurokinin-A. Dimethylthiourea did not inhibit bronchoconstriction evoked by vagal stimulation, acetylcholine or neurokinin-A. These results suggest that dimethylthiourea inhibits cigarette smoke-induced bronchoconstriction by scavenging the smoke-derived OH-, but not by inhibiting airway nerve function. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
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