We conduct a trajectory analysis for ascending bubbles with deformation at low Reynolds number Re ≪ 1 to understand the effect of deformation on the cross section for coalescence. We derive equations of motion for the separation and shape of two bubbles with three controlling parameters: Bond number (Bo), size ratio (λ), and initial separation. These equations can be reduced to equations of motion of separation and shape contrast for two bubbles. A theoretical examination of the reduced equations provides the critical initial separation for collision as a function of Bo and λ. We develop a new model of the cross section for the coalescence of deformable bubbles by comparing the critical initial separation with experimental data. The cross section shows three different types of behavior depending on Bo. For small Bo, the cross section is independent of Bo and is proportional to λ. For moderate Bo, the cross section is proportional to Bo (1 - λ) - 1. For large Bo, the cross section is independent of Bo and is proportional to (1 - λ) - 4.
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes