The expression of cathepsin S (CatS), a microglia-specific lysosomal cysteine protease in the brain, is regulated by the intrinsic microglial circadian clock. We herein report that the diurnal variation of evoked synaptic responses of cortical neurons disappeared in cathepsin S-deficient (CatS−/−) mice. The dendritic spine density of the cortical neurons was significantly reduced by incubation with a recombinant CatS. Furthermore, CatS−/− mice exhibited impaired social interaction and social novelty recognition in the three-chamber test. These findings indicate that the circadian clock-regulated secretion of CatS from microglia is involved in the diurnal variation of synaptic responses and dendritic spine density through the proteolytic modification of perisynaptic ECM molecules. Therefore, a dysfunction of the diurnal synaptic responses due to CatS deficiency may lead to social behavior abnormalities.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 8月 19 2017|
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