Discerning asthma endotypes through comorbidity mapping

Gengjie Jia, Xue Zhong, Hae Kyung Im, Nathan Schoettler, Milton Pividori, D. Kyle Hogarth, Anne I. Sperling, Steven R. White, Edward T. Naureckas, Christopher S. Lyttle, Chikashi Terao, Yoichiro Kamatani, Masato Akiyama, Koichi Matsuda, Michiaki Kubo, Nancy J. Cox, Carole Ober, Andrey Rzhetsky, Julian Solway

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Asthma is a heterogeneous, complex syndrome, and identifying asthma endotypes has been challenging. We hypothesize that distinct endotypes of asthma arise in disparate genetic variation and life-time environmental exposure backgrounds, and that disease comorbidity patterns serve as a surrogate for such genetic and exposure variations. Here, we computationally discover 22 distinct comorbid disease patterns among individuals with asthma (asthma comorbidity subgroups) using diagnosis records for >151 M US residents, and re-identify 11 of the 22 subgroups in the much smaller UK Biobank. GWASs to discern asthma risk loci for individuals within each subgroup and in all subgroups combined reveal 109 independent risk loci, of which 52 are replicated in multi-ancestry meta-analysis across different ethnicity subsamples in UK Biobank, US BioVU, and BioBank Japan. Fourteen loci confer asthma risk in multiple subgroups and in all subgroups combined. Importantly, another six loci confer asthma risk in only one subgroup. The strength of association between asthma and each of 44 health-related phenotypes also varies dramatically across subgroups. This work reveals subpopulations of asthma patients distinguished by comorbidity patterns, asthma risk loci, gene expression, and health-related phenotypes, and so reveals different asthma endotypes.

本文言語英語
論文番号6712
ジャーナルNature communications
13
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12月 2022

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学一般
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学一般
  • 物理学および天文学一般

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