The unsaturated ester aldehyde, (E)-3-alkoxycarbonyl-5-phenyl-2,4-dienal, was efficiently dimerized by applying the strain-promoted double-click reaction with sym-dibenzo-1,5-cyclooctadiene-3,7-diyne. The resulting dimerized probe was sequentially reacted first with one peptide molecule and then with a protein or the amino groups on the surface of a live cell through double azaelectrocyclization to achieve highly efficient bioconjugation.
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