To investigate the interactions between RNA3 and RNA4 from subgroups I and II in mixed infections, accumulation of CMV RNA were analyzed. In the mixed inoculation assays with CMV-LE (LE, subgroup I) and a reassortant LLm consisting of RNA1 and RNA2 from LE, and RNA3 from CMV-m2 (m2, subgroup II), LE RNA3 and RNA4 could systemically spread in the plants, whereas those of m2 could not. Furthermore, accumulation of virus short RNA and a cowpea-encoded RNA-directed RNA polymerase gene (VuRdRP1) mRNA were found in the plants, suggesting that VIGS and/or distinct antiviral responses (was) were activated by infection with CMV.
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