Introduction: The purpose of the study was to examine the changes in stability of pharyngeal airway space (PAS) and hyoid bone position after 2 types of mandibular osteotomies in comparison with a control group. Methods: The subjects included 46 Japanese women with skeletal Class III malocclusion. Twenty-five patients with mandibular prognathism underwent single-jaw surgery with bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO), and 21 patients underwent bilateral intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO). The control subjects included 30 volunteer women with normal occlusion. The treated subjects were assessed at the beginning of treatment, immediately after surgery, and after postsurgical treatment. Results: The Class III subjects had a significantly wider PAS than did the control subjects. Significant decreases in the lower PAS were observed after orthognathic surgery. The hyoid bone showed upward and forward movement with upward movement of the lower border of the PAS during the postsurgical stage in the SSRO group. In contrast, the anterior border of the PAS and the hyoid bone showed considerable backward movement in the IVRO group. Conclusions: The posttreatment morphology of the PAS in both Class III groups approached that of the control group. The IVRO group showed a reduction in the airway dimensions, especially during the postsurgical period, which occurred during surgery in the SSRO group.
|American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
|出版済み - 12月 2010
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes