A ganglioside molecular species GP-3 (1) has been obtained from the water-soluble lipid fraction of the chloroform/methanol extract of the starfish Asterina pectinifera. The structure of the ganglioside has been determined on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidence. Compound 1 represents new ganglioside molecular species possessing two moles of sialic acids at the inner part of the sugar moiety. Partial hydrolysis by hot water and an enzymatic hydrolysis by means of endoglycoceramidase (EGCase) have proved useful for structure elucidation of the complex oligosaccharide moiety. Moreover, 1 exhibits neuritogenic activity toward the rat pheochromocytoma cell line, PC-12 cells, in the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF).
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)