Association between diabetes and hippocampal atrophy in Elderly Japanese: The Hisayama study

Naoki Hirabayashi, Jun Hata, Tomoyuki Ohara, Naoko Mukai, Masaharu Nagata, Mao Shibata, Seiji Gotoh, Yoshihiko Furuta, Fumio Yamashita, Kazufumi Yoshihara, Takanari Kitazono, Nobuyuki Sudo, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

56 被引用数 (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between diabetes and brain or hippocampal atrophy in an elderly population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,238 community-dwelling Japanese subjects aged ≥65 years underwent brain MRI scans and a comprehensive health examination in 2012. Total brain volume (TBV), intracranial volume (ICV), and hippocampal volume (HV) were measured using MRI scans for each subject. We examined the associations between diabetes-related parameters and the ratios of TBV to ICV (an indicator of global brain atrophy), HV to ICV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy), and HV to TBV (an indicator of hippocampal atrophy beyond global brain atrophy) after adjustment for other potential confounders. RESULTS Themultivariable-adjustedmean values of the TBV-to-ICV,HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios were significantly lower in the subjects with diabetes compared with those without diabetes (77.6%vs. 78.2%for the TBV-to-ICV ratio, 0.513%vs. 0.529%for the HV-to-ICV ratio, and 0.660% vs. 0.676% for the HV-to-TBV ratio; all P < 0.01). These three ratios decreased significantlywith elevated 2-h postload glucose (PG) levels (all P for trend <0.05) but not fasting plasma glucose levels. Longer duration of diabetes was significantly associated with lower TBV-to-ICV, HV-to-ICV, and HV-to-TBV ratios. The subjectswith diabetes diagnosed in midlife had significantly lower HV-to-ICV and HV-to-TBV ratios than those without and those diagnosed in late life. CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that a longer duration of diabetes and elevated 2-h PG levels, a marker of postprandial hyperglycemia, are risk factors for brain atrophy, particularly hippocampal atrophy.

ジャーナルDiabetes care
出版ステータス出版済み - 9月 1 2016

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 内科学
  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 高度および特殊看護


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