Association between corneal hysteresis and glaucoma in a Japanese population: the Hisayama Study

Kohta Fujiwara, Emi Ueda, Jun Hata, Satoko Nakano, Sawako Hashimoto, Shun Nakamura, Yusuke Murakami, Toshiaki Kubota, Takeshi Yoshitomi, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Koh Hei Sonoda

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

抄録

Aims To investigate the association between corneal hysteresis and the presence of glaucoma and its subtypes in a general Japanese population. Methods We analysed the data of 2338 Japanese community-dwellers aged ≥40 years (1059 men, 1279 women) who underwent an eye examination in 2018 as part of the population-based, cross-sectional Hisayama Study. Participants were divided into quartile levels of corneal hysteresis, which had been measured with an ocular response analyzer. Glaucoma was defined based on the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria. We conducted a logistic regression analysis to determine the ORs and their 95% CIs for the presence of outcomes according to the corneal hysteresis quartiles. Results Glaucoma was diagnosed in 154 participants: primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), n=115; primary angle-closure glaucoma, n=17; exfoliation glaucoma, n=21 and secondary glaucoma without exfoliation glaucoma, n=1. After adjustment for confounders, the OR for prevalent glaucoma was significantly increased in the participants in the first corneal-hysteresis quartile compared with those in the fourth quartile (OR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.03 to 3.17). Regarding glaucoma subtypes, the first-quartile participants had significantly greater likelihoods of the presence of POAG (OR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.02 to 2.61) and exfoliation glaucoma (OR: 6.49; 95% CI: 1.44 to 29.30) compared with those in the third and fourth quartiles after adjustment for potential confounders. Conclusions These results demonstrated a significant inverse association between corneal hysteresis and the likelihood of glaucoma, suggesting that the measurement of corneal hysteresis would provide useful information for elucidating the aetiology of glaucoma.

本文言語英語
ジャーナルBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
DOI
出版ステータス印刷中 - 2024

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 眼科学
  • 感覚系
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

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