TY - JOUR

T1 - Arrangement dependence of interparticle force in nematic colloids

AU - Kishita, Takahiro

AU - Takahashi, Kenji

AU - Ichikawa, Masatoshi

AU - Fukuda, Jun Ichi

AU - Kimura, Yasuyuki

PY - 2010/1/7

Y1 - 2010/1/7

N2 - We have experimentally and theoretically studied the interparticle force between two colloidal particles with different sizes accompanied by hyperbolic hedgehog defects in a nematic liquid crystal. The force f was directly measured using dual-beam optical tweezers and calculated theoretically from the equilibrium tensor field around the particles. The dependence of f on the center-to-center distance between particles of different sizes R is different from that for particles with the same size. The magnitude of f depends on the relative arrangement of the particles: f is larger when a defect between the particles belongs to the larger particle. From the theoretical calculation, the difference in f between the two arrangements, δf, monotonically increases with increasing size difference. The difference δf was experimentally and theoretically found to be proportional to R-4.6 at large R. The obtained exponent is comparable to the exponent of -5 predicted by electrostatic analogy.

AB - We have experimentally and theoretically studied the interparticle force between two colloidal particles with different sizes accompanied by hyperbolic hedgehog defects in a nematic liquid crystal. The force f was directly measured using dual-beam optical tweezers and calculated theoretically from the equilibrium tensor field around the particles. The dependence of f on the center-to-center distance between particles of different sizes R is different from that for particles with the same size. The magnitude of f depends on the relative arrangement of the particles: f is larger when a defect between the particles belongs to the larger particle. From the theoretical calculation, the difference in f between the two arrangements, δf, monotonically increases with increasing size difference. The difference δf was experimentally and theoretically found to be proportional to R-4.6 at large R. The obtained exponent is comparable to the exponent of -5 predicted by electrostatic analogy.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.81.010701

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.81.010701

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:76649113422

SN - 1539-3755

VL - 81

JO - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

JF - Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics

IS - 1

M1 - 010701

ER -