Adrenomedullin Enhances Mouse Gustatory Nerve Responses to Sugars via T1R-Independent Sweet Taste Pathway

Shusuke Iwata, Ryusuke Yoshida, Shingo Takai, Keisuke Sanematsu, Noriatsu Shigemura, Yuzo Ninomiya

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

On the tongue, the T1R-independent pathway (comprising glucose transporters, including sodium–glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) and the KATP channel) detects only sugars, whereas the T1R-dependent (T1R2/T1R3) pathway can broadly sense various sweeteners. Cephalic-phase insulin release, a rapid release of insulin induced by sensory signals in the head after food-related stimuli, reportedly depends on the T1R-independent pathway, and the competitive sweet taste modulators leptin and endocannabinoids may function on these two different sweet taste pathways independently, suggesting independent roles of two oral sugar-detecting pathways in food intake. Here, we examined the effect of adrenomedullin (ADM), a multifunctional regulatory peptide, on sugar sensing in mice since it affects the expression of SGLT1 in rat enterocytes. We found that ADM receptor components were expressed in T1R3-positive taste cells. Analyses of chorda tympani (CT) nerve responses revealed that ADM enhanced responses to sugars but not to artificial sweeteners and other tastants. Moreover, ADM increased the apical uptake of a fluorescent D-glucose derivative into taste cells and SGLT1 mRNA expression in taste buds. These results suggest that the T1R-independent sweet taste pathway in mouse taste cells is a peripheral target of ADM, and the specific enhancement of gustatory nerve responses to sugars by ADM may contribute to caloric sensing and food intake.

本文言語英語
論文番号2941
ジャーナルNutrients
15
13
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7月 2023

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 食品科学
  • 栄養および糖尿病

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