αB-Crystallin is a major protein component of Rosenthal fibers, which massively accumulate in the brains of patients suffering from Alexander's disease. To examine whether or not accumulation of αB-crystallin is due to any abnormality of the gene structures, we determined the sequence of the αB-crystallin gene in two cases of pathologically confirmed Alexander's disease. Direct sequencing of the promoter and coding regions of the αB-crystallin gene in patients revealed them to have a normal sequence. Northern blotting showed a single αB-crystallin mRNA species expressed in the Alexander's disease brain.
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