A liquid crystalline chirality balance for vapours

Takuya Ohzono, Takahiro Yamamoto, Jun Ichi Fukuda

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

35 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Chiral discrimination of vapours plays an important role in olfactory perception of biological systems and its realization by artificial sensors has been an intriguing challenge. Here, we report a simple method that tangibly visualizes the chirality of a diverse variety of molecules dissolved from vapours with high sensitivity, by making use of a structural change in a periodic microstructure of a nematic liquid crystal confined in open microchannels. This microstructure is accompanied by a topological line defect of a zigzag form with equal lengths of 'zig' and 'zag.' We find that a tiny amount of vapour of chiral molecules injected onto the liquid crystal induces the imbalance of 'zig' and 'zag' depending on its enantiomeric excess within a few seconds. Our liquid-crystal-based 'chirality balance' offers a simple, quick and versatile chirality-sensing/-screening method for gas-phase analysis (for example, for odours, environmental chemicals or drugs).

本文言語英語
論文番号3735
ジャーナルNature communications
5
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 4月 30 2014
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学一般
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学一般
  • 物理学および天文学一般

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