XRD study of the kinetics of β ↔ transformations in tin

K. Nogita, C. M. Gourlay, S. D. McDonald, S. Suenaga, J. Read, G. Zeng, Q. F. Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The transformation kinetics of βSn (white tin) to and from Sn (grey tin) are studied by synchrotron X-ray diffraction of seeded powder samples of 99.99% Sn. An analysis of thermal expansion behaviour revealed that the volume change of transformation increases as the temperature decreases. The βSn → Sn transformation was well described by Johnson-Mehl-Avrami kinetics with an Avrami exponent of 3, which was confirmed to be due to three-dimesional growth from pre-existing nuclei by a microstructural study. The Sn → βSn transformation exhibited a decreasing Avrami exponent from ∼4 to ∼1 during the transformation. Time-Temperature-Transformation curves are plotted from the isothermal transformation data and are compared with past work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3627-3647
Number of pages21
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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