Wetting of water by hexadecane has been investigated by ellipsometry as a function of the concentration of the cationic surfactant dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) in the aqueous phase and temperature. Three phases are identified: a 2-D gas of hexadecane molecules and DTAB molecules, a 2-D liquid comprising a mixed monolayer of hexadecane and DTAB, and a 2-D 'solid' phase. Evidence is presented to support the hypothesis that the liquid-solid phase transition is actually a wetting transition in which a surface-frozen layer of pure hexadecane wets the liquid-like mixed monolayer of hexadecane and DTAB. The triple point, at which the three phases coexist, is located at a temperature of 17.3°C and DTAB concentration of 0.75 mmol kg-1. The slopes of the three phase boundaries are analyzed thermodynamically.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry