Wall conditioning using 2.45 GHz ECR-DC on superconducting tokamak TRIAM-1M

K. Hanada, E. Jotaki, M. Sakamoto, K. Nakamura, S. Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Wall conditioning using electron cyclotron resonance-discharge cleaning (ECR-DC) was carried out for 35 h in a hydrogen plasma on superconducting tokamak, TRIAM-1M after ventilation of vacuum vessel for 2 months. The baking-out on extension ports was carried out before ECR-DC. As the wall of plasma chamber was cooled by water during ECR-DC about 25 °C, the pure effect of ECR-DC could be investigated. The ECR plasma of the electron density approximately 2×1010 cm-3 and electron temperature approximately 6 eV was maintained by the microwave power up to 1 kW provided by a magnetron of frequency in 2.45 GHz. The decay time of the partial pressure of mass number 18 (H2O) and 28 (C2H4 and/or CO) were monitored during ECR-DC. The time evolution shows that oxygen and carbon was well removed from the surface of the wall by ECR-DC. The plasma resistivity of the first ohmic heated (OH) plasma just after the ECR-DC was the same as that of the final OH plasma after exposing the wall to tokamak plasmas for more than 7000 s. Intensity of the O II line, which was investigated in lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) plasma, did not change during an experimental campaign. These indicate that the wall conditioned by only ECR-DC is good in both OH and LHCD plasmas. A quantitative model of the efficiency for ECR-DC is presented. The model can explain the time evolution of partial pressure. From this model the duration required to clean up using ECR-DC was derived. This result may help in the design of the pump in large machines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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