Virtual swimming - Breaststroke body movements facilitate vection

Fumiya Funatsu, Takeharu Seno, Stephen Palmisano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Visually induced illusory self-motion (vection) was facilitated by active breaststroke arm and body movements. Optic flow was generated by having the standing observer make these arm movements, which were detected by Kinect and incorporated into the display. When generated, this optic flow was either expanding (i.e. congruent with the observer's head motion) or contracting (i.e. incongruent with his/her head motion). Optic flow generated during these active movement conditions was also later played back to the observer during passive viewing conditions. On each of these trials, we recorded vection strength (latency, duration and magnitude). We found that: (i) both congruent and incongruent breaststroke movements increased vection (i.e. compared to passive viewing conditions); and (ii) congruent breaststroke movements increased vection more than incongruent ones. We name the enhancement provided by this type of active movement 'virtual swimming'. This demonstration shows that even unusual body movements can function as a self-motion signal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-275
Number of pages9
JournalMultisensory Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


Dive into the research topics of 'Virtual swimming - Breaststroke body movements facilitate vection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this