Vibration of the dimer on Si(001) surface excited by STM current

Hiroshi Kawai, Osamu Narikiyo

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21 Citations (Scopus)


The vibration of the dimer excited by STM current on Si(001) surface is investigated. We describe this system by the Hamiltonian which has the electron-vibration coupling term as the key ingredient. In order to characterize the transition rates induced by STM current between vibrational states we have introduced the effective temperature of the vibration which differs from the temperature of the substrate. The behavior of the effective temperature depends on the substrate temperature and STM current in highly nonlinear manner and qualitatively changes around 50 K of the substrate temperature. At lower temperatures, the effective temperature strongly deviates from the substrate temperature and reaches a few hundred Kelvin for the typical values of STM current. At higher substrate temperatures, the effective temperature reduces to the substrate temperature. On the basis of these behaviors of the effective temperature, we solve the puzzle of the symmetric-asymmetric crossover in dimer images of STM observation in the ordered state of c(4 x 2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
Journaljournal of the physical society of japan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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