Vesicle formation and its fractal distribution by bola-amphiphilic [60]fullerene

Masahito Sano, Kei Oishi, Tsutomu Ishi-i, Seiji Shinkai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


A novel amphiphilic [60]fullerene derivative with two ammonium headgroups is synthesized, and its self-organization characteristics in water in the scale ranging from nanometer to micrometer are reported. At the molecular scale, the bola-amphiphilic [60]fullerene forms spherical vesicles. These vesicles, in turn, are placed within a thin wall producing a foamlike network in the scale-up to a few micrometers. TEM and light scattering measurements demonstrate that the mesoscopic-scale structure is self-similar and fractal with the dimension D = 1.40. The novel aggregation modes result from the hydrophobic interaction produced by the [60]fullerene moieties exposed to water molecules by the disordered alkyl tails.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3773-3776
Number of pages4
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 18 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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